Ancient Hebrew measure of grain that amounts to about 3.6 litres.
(the) Four Questions
Four specific questions asked at the beginning of the Passover seder, the answers to which shape the rest of the retelling of the exodus from Egypt.
From the Greek word meaning "sacrifice by fire", the Holocaust refers to the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany in World War II, including the genocide of six million Jews.
The 49-day period that begins on the second night of Passover and ends on Shavuot.
Hebrew word meaning "catastrophe", referring to the Holocaust.
"Dessert" (Greek); matzah is the official "dessert" of the Passover seder meal. During the seder, the children traditionally "steal"and hide the afikoman, and it must be redeemed by the seder leader.
"Binding." The story in Genesis of the near-sacrifice of Isaac, Abraham’s son, which is read on Rosh HaShanah.
"Going up." The honor of being called to recite the blessings before and after the Torah reading. Also refers to immigration to Israel, to "make aliyah" to Israel; plural: aliyot. Lit. "Ascent."
People of the Book.
am Yisrael chai
Literally, the people of Israel lives. A popular Jewish song.
The central section of prayers in every service. Also known as the T'filah (prayer) or the Sh'moneh Esreih (18), this compilation of prayers differs from service to service. The daily version inlcudes a number of petitionary prayers, which are not inlcuded on Shabbat.
Irrational hatred of Jews.
The colloquial language spoken by the Jews during the time of the Talmud.
Lit. "Germany"; includes Jews of European origin.
Calling up of the wedding couple to recite the Torah blessings on the Shabbat preceding the wedding.
"Our Father, Our King"/"Our Parent, Our Ruler" A prayer (and song) chanted during the High Holiday period. Describes two simultaneous ways in which people might relate to God: the intimate relationship of a parent and the powerful awe of a ruler.
berachah, brachah, bracha
Brit HaChayim, b'rit haChayim
"Covenant of life." A home ceremony for welcoming and naming a baby girl.
Bris milah, bris, brit milah
"Covenant of circumcision," traditionally performed on the eighth day of a boy's life. One of the three covenants in the Hebrew Bible. This is the covenant of Abraham—see Genesis 17.
Lit. "A good hour." Colloquially, "May the child come at the right time"—said upon learning of a pregnancy.
"Created in the image of God;" idea that all humanity is created in the image of God.
Before the Common Era.
Compendium of Jewish law and lore developed by the Rabbis from the first centuries of the Common Era (C.E.). Codified circa 500 C.E.
Idea that we should not be wasteful in our consumption and need to be stewards of God's creation.
Ceremony marking a boy's reaching the age of religious maturity; plural: b'nei mitzvah.
<p>Ceremony marking a girl's reaching the age of religious maturity; plural: b'nei mitzvah.</p>
Lit. "covering." Refers to the ceremony when a bride is veiled prior to the wedding ceremony.
beth din, bet din, beis din
Hebrew for "house of judgment", a beit din is a rabbinical court that has jurisdiction in matters of Jewish law.
Visiting the sick.
Raised platform in the synagogue from which the Torah is read.
Prayer said upon surviving a life-threatening illness.
Birkat Hachama, Birkat HaChama
Blessing of the sun.” Birkat HaHammah is observed by the Jewish community every 28 years to celebrate the return of the sun to its original place in the heavens at the precise day and time of its creation.
Prayers recited after meals; grace after meals.
Priestly Benediction—Numbers 6:22-27.
Cheese- or fruit-filled crepes; plural: blintzes.
Covenant of daughter.