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Mishpatim

Mishpatim

[These Are the] Rules
Exodus
21:1−24:18

These are the rules that you shall set before them. - Exodus 21:1

Summary: 
  • Interpersonal laws ranging from the treatment of slaves to the exhibition of kindness to strangers are listed. (21:1-23:9)
  • Cultic laws follow, including the commandment to observe the Sabbatical Year, a repetition of the Sabbath injunction, the first mention of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals, rules of sacrificial offerings, and the prohibition against boiling a kid in its mother's milk. (23:10-19)
  • The people assent to the covenant. Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy elders of Israel ascend the mountain and see God. Moses goes on alone and spends forty days on the mountain. (24:1-18)

When do we read Mishpatim?

2018 Feb 10
/25 Shevat, 5778

RECENT COMMENTARY

  • By Rabbi Ana Bonnheim

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    In Parashat Mishpatimwe find the Israelites in the midst of the Revelation at Sinai, experiencing the communal wonder and intensity of their encounter with God. Mishpatim, which means “laws,” dives into the details. The Revelations in Mishpatim are among the words Moses writes down on stone when he and Aaron ascend the mountain. Scholars call these laws the Book of the Covenant or Sefer HaB’rit. It’s the Torah’s first pass at the legal details that govern Jewish living.

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  • Torah for Teens

    This week’s parasha’s title means “laws,” so it is fitting that many laws are listed: interpersonal laws, laws about ritual, and so much more. Find out details in the rap! 

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