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Stopping Israel's "Kosher Police"

Stopping Israel's "Kosher Police"

“Hold it right there! Put your hands where I can see them!” Picture men running into your store, checking the food and the official Rrabbinate documents on the wall that certifies your establishment as kosher. In Israel, this may not be an imaginary scene.

This month, Deputy Religious Services Minister Rabbi Eli Ben Dahan proposed a bill that will grant the ultra-Orthodox Chief rabbinate even more power to enforce the laws for kosher certification. These “kosher police” inspectors would be given investigative powers like those of the real police, allowing them to enter any restaurant claiming to serve kosher food, with or without the permission of the owners. Furthermore, the Kashrut Fraud Prevention Unit inspectors, as they are officially called, would be granted uniforms and identification badges for the first time in the unit’s 14-years of existence.

Under current Israeli law, businesses cannot use the word “kosher” for their establishment unless their certification has gone through the rabbinate. The problem is that the issue of kashrut (kosher) in Israel is thoroughly caught up in misconduct and corruption. The rabbinate has a tendency to deny kashrut certification for reasons that go far beyond how the food is prepared. For example, having a Christmas tree in the shop, filming a bar mitzvah held in a hotel on Shabbat, or allowing Reform Jewish youth groups to use musical instruments on Shabbat during their stay in hotels in Jerusalem, are all "infractions" that would have led to the revocation of kosher certification - if the Israel Religious Action Center had not prevented this unlawful abuse of power.

Over the past year, an increasing number of businesses, particularly in Jerusalem, have revolted against the rabbinate's kashrut supervision and decided to remain kosher without certification after suffering abuses from the rabbinate’s kosher food inspectors. The new law would enable the rabbinate to crack down on food businesses that advertise that all ingredients used in their menus are kosher but do not pay for the Rabbinate’s kosher supervision. But now, instead of only being fined, the inspectors will be able to enter the establishment, take food samples and kitchen items, force citizens to identify themselves, and have the legal power to force those citizens to come into the rabbinate for questioning.

Clearly, the implications of this bill are much more significant than enforcing kashrut in already-supervised establishments. It is intended to broaden and strengthen the rabbinate's power and authority by harassing businesses that dare to call themselves kosher without going through the ultra-Orthodox rabbinate.

Write to Israel's Minster of Religious Services Naftali Bennett to urge him to stop this law proposal. There is no need to increase the ultra-Orthodox monopoly in Israel by giving the rabbinate additional powers of enforcement. Instead, we need to replace this monopoly with a system that promotes a marketplace for kosher certifications.

Anat Hoffman is the executive director of the Israel Religious Action Center, the public and legal advocacy arm of the Reform Jewish Movement in Israel. She is also the chairwoman of Women of the Wall, a group of Jewish women and men from around the world who strive to achieve the right of women to wear prayer shawls, pray, and read from the Torah collectively and out loud at the Western Wall in Jerusalem.

Anat Hoffman
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