Reflecting on My Visit with Cuba's Jewish Community Just Before the Pandemic Began

May 22, 2020Rabbinic Pastor/Cantor Lisa L. Levine

When I returned from my sixth Jewish humanitarian mission to the island of Cuba at the beginning of February, little did I know that the entire world would be in quarantine only a month later. It feels like a miracle that we were all able to be together.

I first visited the country in 2005 and wrote about my fifth visit in 2019. In the 15 years since I began visiting the island, I’ve witnessed incredible growth within the community, as well as the continued struggle and survival of those who live within the confines of Cuban society. I’ve also had the joy of seeing the young children I led in song grow into competent leaders of prayer and Torah, as well as proficient performers of Israeli and Cuban dance.

Like the rest of us during the pandemic, these families sheltered in place; the synagogue space was closed, and food and resources were scant. The difference in Cuba is that few people had access to personal Wi-Fi and, thus, to virtual gatherings. I heard from friends how isolated they felt; the longer the shutdown continued, the more difficult things became. 

Still, the passion and determination I witnessed in this community shows that the flame of Judaism and Jewish life in Cuba burns brightly.

Here are just a few of the highlights from my 2020 trip, just before everything changed.

1. The Jews of Cuba hosted us for Kabbalat Shabbat services...

On our first night in town, we shared a beautiful Shabbat with the community at Centro Hebreo Sefaradi, the Sephardic synagogue, where we attended a service led by young people and then enjoyed Shabbat dinner together.

A week later, I led Friday night services in Cienfuegos, which is called “The Pearl of the Caribbean Sea” because of its magnificent French architecture. The city’s small Jewish community meets in the home of one of its members, Rebeca Langus, who continues to shoulder the responsibility of caring for its members.

2. ..and for Shabbat morning services, too.

On our first Shabbat morning, we attended services at Beit Shalom, the Patronato community center, where college students led the service and members of the community chanted Torah. I was honored to be included in that service, singing and praying side by side with these students, many of whom I’ve known since kindergarten.

The next week, we joined the Santa Clara community for Shabbat services, where members of outlying Jewish communities came to pray with us at Or Jadash, the area center for Jewish learning. I was honored to lead the Shabbat morning service, and members of our group participated in reading Torah. Claudia, whose bat mitzvah I officiated 10 years ago, deftly lifted the Torah after it was read and delighted us all with her mastery and knowledge.

One particularly touching moment was when David, the president of Or Jadash, was called to the Torah for an aliyahaliyahעֲלִיָּה"Going up." The honor of being called to recite the blessings before and after the Torah reading. Also refers to immigration to Israel, to "make aliyah" to Israel; plural: aliyot. Lit. "Ascent."  for the very first time. It was an unforgettable moment that will remain with us forever.

3. We commemorated the Holocaust together.

Sunday morning marked a highlight of our mission with a visit to the Patronato Religious School and a memorial service commemorating U.N. Holocaust Remembrance Day, during which I shared the song “We Remember” by Ellen Allard.

Members of the community held signs that read “We Remember,” and we stood arm in arm together weeping and singing HaTikva, Israel’s national anthem. It was touching and incredibly emotional.

4. We paid tribute to loved ones lost.

When we visited the Jewish cemetery in Guanabacoa, a member of our group, Aida, visited the gravesites of many of her family members. She left Cuba as an unaccompanied minor through a program that later became known as “Pedro Pan” and never lived in Cuba again, returning only to visit her loved ones who are buried there. As we recited Kaddish together, it was not lost on anyone how holy and important our presence was to Aida. 

Later in the week, we traveled out to the center of the island to visit the imposing Holocaust memorial at the Jewish cemetery in Santa Clara. We heard the story of the bricks, donated by the National Holocaust Museum, which came from the Warsaw Ghetto. We prayed, we sang, and we cried as we remembered those who lost their lives at the hands of the Nazis.

5. We delivered much-needed items to all the communities.

In the Old City of Havana, we visited and delivered gifts to the Orthodox shul Adat Yisrael, then to the Centro Hebrew Sephardi, which houses the senior center and impressive Holocaust memorial. The humanitarian gifts we delivered there were received with appreciation.

Later, we visited the Pharmacia (Pharmacy) housed at the Patronato Community Center, which provides crucial care for all members of the community. We donated hundreds of pounds of prescription medications, over-the-counter medicines, basic sundries, and diabetes testers and syringes.

These items are difficult to obtain in Cuba and crucial to the wellbeing of the community. In outlying areas, our gifts included medicines, diapers, formula, food, and sundries.

6. We welcomed Havdalah with Israeli dancing.

We ended our humanitarian mission back in Havana at the Patronato for a Havdalah service led by the community’s young people. That evening, we were treated to an incredible treat: Every member, from the youngest to the oldest, performed Israeli dances for us!

The spirit and passion of their love for Israel and Judaism were palpable and infectious. 


Throughout the trip, I found myself with tears in my eyes as I felt the sense of unity we shared and the unequivocal belief that the future of Judaism in Cuba is secure and thriving – and thanks to Taglit Birthright Israel trips, Maccabiah Games, and other opportunities for members to travel outside Cuba, the bubble is expanding.

I am as impassioned and determined as ever to continue my work to support the faithful members of the Jewish community of Cuba who, more than ever, embody what it means to live Jewish lives in the face of great challenges. And although our humanitarian gifts were received with great appreciation and love, we heard over and over again that it our presence was what meant the most to them.

They are happy and optimistic that Am Yisrael will continue to visit and reflect the world that exists outside of the island. 

May our deeds and our presence enable the flame of Jewish life to burn brightly in Cuba, and may we go and grow from strength to strength.

Related Posts

Breathe Bravely

This reflection on the theme of bravery explores the ways that the author's mixedness, Jewishness, and range of emotions are tied to what it means to her to be brave.

The Importance of Storytelling

The Jewish people love to share stories, as memory is a central Jewish value. We cannot forget what has happened to us because we must share it with future generations. The past is one of our best learning tools.