Baruch Dayan HaEmet
Literally, “Blessed is the Judge of Truth;” Customary words one recites upon hearing of a person’s death.
chesed shel emet
"Sacred society;" organization whose members are entrusted with the mitzvah of preparing a body for burial.
El Malei Rachamim
Eil maleh rachamim
"God, full of compassion;" memorial prayer.
"Garden of Eden;" paradise; the place to which righteous souls return.
The period after death in which the soul is purified.
Tearing the garment or black ribbon worn by immediate mourners (spouse, parents, children, siblings).
Literally, “respect/honor for the dead.” In Jewish tradition, preparing a body and holding a prompt funeral are important ways to honor the deceased.
An Aramaic prayer recited in several iterations during a worship service. One iteration is Kaddish Yatom (Mourner’s Kaddish), which is recited by mourners (immediate family members) during the mourning period immediately following death, and on the yahrzeit (anniversary of a death).
"Rend;" The traditional act of tearing a garment as an expression of grief; Many contemporary Jews wear a torn black ribbon during mourning to sympolize the torn garment.
Literally, “honoring the deceased.”
A descendant of the priestly class; according to traditional Judaism, Kohanim will only attend the funeral and burial of their immediate family as they are otherwise forbidden to come near a corpse.
Literally, “to accompany.” To accompany the dead to their final resting place is a great mitzvah and shows true honor for the dead because the deceased cannot respond to those who perform this mitzvah.
Lit. "accompanying the dead;" walking behind the casket to the gravesite.
Comforting the mourners after burial and for the seven days of shiva.
"Treasury of souls;" the metaphysical way-station in which righteous souls reside before returning to a new life.
"Meal of condolence;" mourners' first meal upon returning from the ceremony; generally prepared by friends.
Seven-day mourning period that begins on the day of burial.
Guard who sits with the body before burial, often reciting psalms.
The "justification of God" prayer recited at burial.
"Confession;" liturgical prayer recited throughout Yom Kippur; confessional said before death.
Memorial candle lit on the anniversary of a loved one's death and also on days when Yizkor is recited.