The year the modern State of Israel was founded.
1948 ̶ State of Israel
1967 ̶ Six-Day War
A war in Israel fought on June 5-10, 1967 against Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Because of the Six-Day War, Jerusalem was reunified and Jews gained access to the Western Wall. Israel also took control of the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and the Sinai Peninsula.
1973 ̶ The Yom Kippur War
A war between Israel and a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria. The war began on October 6, 1973 (on Yom Kippur) and lasted until October 25, 1973.
"Going up." The honor of being called to recite the blessings before and after the Torah reading. Also refers to immigration to Israel, to "make aliyah" to Israel; plural: aliyot. Lit. "Ascent."
Literally, “the people of Israel.” The nation or people of Israel. The Jewish people.
Am Yisrael chai
Literally, the people of Israel lives. A popular Jewish song.
"Exile;" see the Diaspora.
A small strip of land on the southeast corner of Israel that was captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War. Israel unilaterally withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005.
Also known as the 1949 Armistice border, it marks the border between Israel and its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria). It was named the Green Line after the color of the ink used to draw the line on the map in 1949. After the 1967 Six-Day War, certain land areas captured by Israel beyond the Green Line became known as the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula (which was returned to Egypt as part of the 1979 peace treaty), and East Jerusalem.
Literally, “The Hope.” It is the national anthem of Israel. The lyrics speak of the 2,000-year hope that Jews will return to their land; the lyrics are adapted from a poem written by Naftali Herz Imber in 1877 in present-day Ukraine.
Traditional Israeli folk dance
Refers to the land (Eretz Yisrael), people (Am Yisrael) and State of Israel (Medinat Yisrael).
The Jewish community or the whole of Israel; often used to refer to Jewish unity or solidarity.
Literally, “State of Israel.” The modern State of Israel was founded in 1948.
olah (feminine); olim (plural)
Individual who immigrates (makes aliyah) to Israel.
Jewish communities outside Israel.
"Ninth of Av;" A traditional day of mourning the destruction of both ancient Temples in Jerusalem.
An area of land on the west bank of the Jordan River that was captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War.
The Hebrew word for “Israel,” it refers to the Land (Eretz Yisrael), people (Am Yisrael), and the modern State of Israel (M’dinat Yisrael). Israel is a name for the biblical patriarch Jacob, given to him as a blessing after he wrestled with God (Genesis 32:22-32).
Israeli Independence Day, which commemorates the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948.
Israeli Memorial Day on which citizens remember the soldiers who lost their lives fighting the War of Independence and other subsequent battles.
"Jerusalem Day;" Israeli holiday that commemorates the 1967 reunification of Jerusalem and Israeli control of the Old City.
The belief that there should be a Jewish homeland in Zion (Israel).