An area of land on the west bank of the Jordan River that was captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War.
The Hebrew word for “Israel,” it refers to the Land (Eretz Yisrael), people (Am Yisrael), and the modern State of Israel (M’dinat Yisrael). Israel is a name for the biblical patriarch Jacob, given to him as a blessing after he wrestled with God (Genesis 32:22-32).
Literally, “State of Israel.” The modern State of Israel was founded in 1948.
Literally, “The Hope.” It is the national anthem of Israel. The lyrics speak of the 2,000-year hope that Jews will return to their land; the lyrics are adapted from a poem written by Naftali Herz Imber in 1877 in present-day Ukraine.
Also known as the 1949 Armistice border, it marks the border between Israel and its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria). It was named the Green Line after the color of the ink used to draw the line on the map in 1949. After the 1967 Six-Day War, certain land areas captured by Israel beyond the Green Line became known as the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula (which was returned to Egypt as part of the 1979 peace treaty), and East Jerusalem.
A small strip of land on the southeast corner of Israel that was captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War. Israel unilaterally withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005.
A war between Israel and a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria. The war began on October 6, 1973 (on Yom Kippur) and lasted until October 25, 1973.
A war in Israel fought on June 5-10, 1967 against Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Because of the Six-Day War, Jerusalem was reunified and Jews gained access to the Western Wall. Israel also took control of the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and the Sinai Peninsula.
The year the modern State of Israel was founded.
Literally, “the people of Israel.” The nation or people of Israel. The Jewish people.