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The Hebrew word for “Israel,” it refers to the Land (Eretz Yisrael), people (Am Yisrael), and the modern State of Israel (M’dinat Yisrael). Israel is a name for the biblical patriarch Jacob, given to him as a blessing after he wrestled with God (Genesis 32:22-32). 



Literally, “The Hope.” It is the national anthem of Israel. The lyrics speak of the 2,000-year hope that Jews will return to their land; the lyrics are adapted from a poem written by Naftali Herz Imber in 1877 in present-day Ukraine.


Green Line

Also known as the 1949 Armistice border, it marks the border between Israel and its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria). It was named the Green Line after the color of the ink used to draw the line on the map in 1949. After the 1967 Six-Day War, certain land areas captured by Israel beyond the Green Line became known as the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula (which was returned to Egypt as part of the 1979 peace treaty), and East Jerusalem.


1967 ̶ Six-Day War

A war in Israel fought on June 5-10, 1967 against Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Because of the Six-Day War, Jerusalem was reunified and Jews gained access to the Western Wall. Israel also took control of the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and the Sinai Peninsula.



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