Glossary

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Hebrew word for “one” or “unity;” also implies monotheism, a concept central to Judaism.

Witnesses to the signing of the ketubah.

"God, full of compassion;" memorial prayer.

 

A special cup used during the Passover seder to symbolize Elijah, who symbolizes the coming of the Messianic age.

A symbolic seat set aside for Elijah the Prophet during a b'rit milah; represents the hope that the Messiah will arrive during the child’s lifetime and that perhaps this child will be the one that brings about messianic change. 

A name for God taken from the root “el,” meaning “god.” Both Adonai and Elohim appear frequently in the Bible, as names for God. Related terms include Eloheinu (Our God) and Elohai (My God).

A name for God taken from the root “el,” meaning “god.” Both Adonai and Elohim appear frequently in the Bible, as names for God. Related terms include Eloheinu (Our God) and Elohai (My God).

The Hebrew month preceding Rosh HaShanah during which one engages in self-reflection and evaluation in preparation for the High Holidays. Traditionally, the shofar is blown each day during the month.

"Truth."

 

Hero of the Purim story. A young Jewish girl living in the capital city, Shushan, she is chosen by King Ahashverosh to be his new queen. She doesn’t tell him, however, that she is Jewish. Finally, when the lives of all the Jews of Persia are in danger, Esther reveals herself, and the king agrees to save the Jews in order to save his queen.

"Citron." Lemon-like fruit used in Sukkot rituals.