The tradition of parents blessing their children on Friday nights as the Sabbath begins. The words for the blessing come from the Priestly Benediction in the Torah (Numbers 6:24-26).
The blessing recited over bread and any meal that includes bread. This blessing thanks God for bringing forth bread from the earth.
Literally, “Sabbath of peace.” Shabbat shalom is the customary greeting on Shabbat.
Literally, “four species.” The Torah specifies four species to bring together on Sukkot. The four species are: lulav (branches of palm trees), etrog (citron), hadasim (myrtle branches), and aravot (willows) (Leviticus 23:40).