Hebrew word meaning "catastrophe", referring to the Holocaust.
Israeli Independence Day, which commemorates the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948.
Holocaust Remembrance Day, on which we remember the Holocaust and honor the memory of those who perished.
Israeli Memorial Day on which citizens remember the soldiers who lost their lives fighting the War of Independence and other subsequent battles.
Irrational hatred of Jews.
Organized attack on Jewish communities in Eastern Europe during the 19th and early 20th century.