"Noisemaker" (Hebrew); used to drown out Haman's name during the M'gillah reading on Purim.
Triangle-shaped pastries commonly filled with apricot jam or poppyseed spread (or other fillings) and eaten on Purim; the shape represents Haman's hat or ears
"Scroll;" One of the five m'gillot (plural) in the Bible: Esther, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentation and Ecclesiastes.
"Sending of portions" (Hebrew). Baskets of sweets and other foods exchanged among friends on Purim.
"15th of Shevat;" New Year of the Trees; Jewish Arbor Day, which is a minor festival.
"Lots" (Hebrew). Holiday that commemorates Queen Esther's actions to save the Jews of Persia from death; marked by a festive reading of the story, contained in the Scroll of Esther.
Humorous play performed as part of the celebration of Purim.
"Shabbat of Remembrance;" the Shabbat immediately preceding Purim, it takes its name from the additional Torah portion--Deuteronomy 25:17-19--read that day--which begins with the word zachor (remember).