One favorite dish of the Ashkenazim that survived the move from the shtetl to North America was the hearty mushroom-potato-barley soup called krupnick.
"Ninth of Av;" A traditional day of mourning the destruction of both ancient Temples in Jerusalem.
"15th of Shevat;" New Year of the Trees; Jewish Arbor Day, which is a minor festival.
Literally, “four species.” The Torah specifies four species to bring together on Sukkot. The four species are: lulav (branches of palm trees), etrog (citron), hadasim (myrtle branches), and aravot (willows) (Leviticus 23:40).