These concepts have played—and continue to play—their part in history, but they are based on readings of the text that, I believe, do not ring true today.
In his commentary on Parashat Sh’mot, Rabbi Reuven Greenvald focuses in part on the issue of demography. The growth of the Israelites described in the Torah portion is threatening to Pharaoh, but many years later this type of expansion would come to be lauded by the Zionist movement. A single-minded focus on population growth led to Pharaoh’s murderous decree, and it also led to exploitative policies toward Mizrachim by the Ashkenazi elite in Israel. The old adage may state that demography is destiny, but a relentless focus on demography at the expense of morality has a far greater impact on the destiny of a nation.