- In Reform communities and in Israel, Sh’mini Atzeret is celebrated concurrently with Simchat Torah.
- In Hebrew, Sh’mini Atzeret means “eighth-day convocation.” The holiday derives its name from Leviticus 23:36, which proclaims: “On the eighth day you shall observe a holy convocation.” In biblical times, Sh’mini Atzeret was a day for Jews to reflect on the holiday of Sukkot before returning to their regular routine.
- Over time, Sh’mini Atzeret also became a day on which Jews recited a special prayer for rain in the coming year – quite appropriate in light of the agricultural theme of Sukkot. Today, Sh’mini Atzeret is still the day we begin to pray for wind and rain.
- Known as the festival of “Rejoicing in the Torah,” Simchat Torah marks the completion of the annual Torah-reading cycle. Just as we finish reading the last sentence in Deuteronomy (D’varim), we immediately begin again with the story of creation in Genesis (B'reishit). This practice represents the cyclical nature of the relationship between the Jewish people and the reading of the Torah.
- Simchat Torah is characterized by joyful parades of people carrying Torah scrolls throughout the congregation, making seven circuits through the room, singing and dancing all the while.
- In some communities, an entire Torah scroll is unrolled for all to see, and in many Reform congregations, Simchat Torah also is the time for consecration, the blessing of children just entering religious school.