Sukkot and Simchat Torah Social Justice Guide

Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism

As a people with agricultural roots, Jews have found many ways to mark the seasonal and environmental changes that occur throughout the year. Sukkot has numerous other themes and areas of focus that encompass seasonal, historical, and theological perspectives. It is among the festivals that fall in the Hebrew month of TishreiTishreiתִּשְׁרֵיSeventh month on the Hebrew calendar; Rosh HaShanah falls on the first day of this month. , emphasizing not only the cycles of the earth, but also the cycles of Jewish life. (The other holidays in Tishrei are Rosh HaShanahYom Kippur, and Simchat Torah.)

Sukkot concludes with the celebration of Simchat Torah, when Jews mark the cycle of Torah TorahתּוֹרָהLiterally “instruction” or “teaching.” The first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy); the handwritten scroll that contains the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Also called the Pentateuch and The Five Books of Moses. “Torah” is also used to refer to the entire body of Jewish religious teachings and insight.  readings by finishing the Book of Deuteronomy and immediately beginning the Book of Genesis. This practice reminds us of the constant need to study all that Torah has to offer, including teachings regarding social justice and righteousness.

You can incorporate social action themes into your Sukkot and Simchat Torah celebrations in the following ways.


Jewish tradition encourages us to welcome seven holy guests (ushpizinushpizinאֻשְׁפִּיזִין"Guests" (Aramaic); mythic guests invited to the sukkah. ) into our sukkot, one for each night of the week. In a modern variation to this custom, each night can be connected to a related social action theme. Use this discussion guide to lead your family in a discussion about this tradition as it relates to modern-day social justice issues.

Consider expanding on this tradition by aiding newly arrived Afghan refugees to your community. Wondering what’s involved in serving new refugees? Check out this resource from HIAS. You can partner with a local resettlement agency and learn more on the RAC’s Immigration Justice page. Congregations doing this work can also apply to the RAC for support through the Kraus Immigration Justice Mini-grant program.


Sukkot can provide an excellent opportunity to converse about housing issues and homelessness. On Sukkot, we are commanded to live in temporary booths for seven days, to remind us of the time when our wandering ancestors had to dwell in sukkotsukkahסֻכָּה"Booth" or "hut;" temporary structure associated with the agricultural festival of Sukkot; plural: sukkot.  following the Exodus from Egypt. This remembrance naturally draws to mind those who are experiencing homelessness or who must live in temporary housing all year round, unable to procure a permanent home of their own.

Volunteer with Habitat for Humanity or another local housing initiative during the week of Sukkot to help build affordable housing for - and with - people in need. You can also advocate with the RAC to help people earn a living wage to help keep up with the cost of housing. Over the past year, the cost of housing have risen at historically high rates, outpacing wage growth. Workers being paid the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour and working 40 hours per week, 52 weeks a year, earns only $15,080. This is below the federal poverty limit of $17,240 for a family of two, and many individuals who are paid the federal minimum wage are often supporting far more than just one other person besides themselves.


The seven days spent in the sukkah allow for closer interaction with the environment in a way that permanent homes do not. Eating and sleeping in sukkot create a connection with the wind, outside air, sun, moon, and stars. Such an encounter with the natural world during this season can inspire us to pay closer attention to issues that affect the environment daily.

Use as many recycled materials as possible in the building of a family or communal sukkah. This project can promote an appreciation of the importance of buying and using environmentally sustainable products.

Join us in also calling on Congress to pass legislation that challenges environmental racism, integrates environmental justice into decisions made under the Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act, and invests in communities that have historically been fossil fuel-dependent.


Sukkot is an excellent opportunity to honor those who provide us with produce and other healthy food throughout the year.

  • Invite a local farmer or farm worker to a home or congregational sukkah and allow them to speak about the challenges of growing healthy food in the local ecosystem.
  • A farm worker might be asked to speak about the difficulties of working around pesticides and the dangers of poor working conditions.
  • Other Sukkot guests might be invited to receive honors for their justice work in the community.


Sukkot often signals the end of summer and the beginning of the cooler seasons. A clothing drive held as the weather gets colder is a simple yet very important mitzvahmitzvahמִצְוָהLiterally, “commandment." A sacred obligation. Jewish tradition says the Torah contains 613 mitzvot Mitzvot refer to both religious and ethical obligations.

Help make the winter months warmer for someone in need by collecting new or gently used coats, gloves, hats, mittens, wool socks, and other warm clothing during the week of Sukkot. Contact local shelters to see where your donation will be most needed.


While we are commanded to rejoice abundantly at this time of year, we also must assist others who are financially incapable of rejoicing. According to the Jewish scholar Maimonides, proper observance of Sukkot requires that we feed those around us who are in need. Hunger and poverty were facts of life in Maimonides’ time and, unfortunately, continue to be major concerns in our time.

  • Hold a COVID-safe Sukkot potluck event to celebrate the holiday, help the hungry in your community, and even encourage awareness of the needs of local farmers.
  • Encourage guests to support local farmers by using locally grown produce for their potluck dishes and to bring a bag of apples or some other locally grown produce to be collected and donated to those in need through a local organization.


In Temple times in Jerusalem, Jews sacrificed 70 bulls during the week of Sukkot to atone for sins, committed not just by them, but also on behalf of the Bible’s “70 nations” of the world. This tradition demonstrates the importance of praying and acting for the well-being of all nations, not just Israel.

Sukkot is an excellent time to welcome representatives from the local Arab-American community to engage in dialogue and learning about the current situation in the Middle East. Words of peace, articulation of joint Israeli-Palestinian justice efforts, and sharing between the two groups, particularly at a time of strife in the Middle East, can be most meaningful for all.


As Sukkot inspires us to appreciate the natural world around us, we become more aware of our responsibility to keep nature beautiful and clean. With friends, family, or fellow synagogue members, “adopt” a local park, street, beach, lake, river, or other natural lands, and be responsible for cleaning up that particular area. The project can be started during the week of Sukkot and extended throughout the year.