Leonard Cohen: Life, Death, and the Days of Awe

September 16, 2019Aron Hirt-Manheimer

Leonard Cohen was born on September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec two days after his family observed Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, at Congregation Shaar Hashomayim, the oldest traditional Ashkenazi synagogue in Canada. 

When Leonard was 9 years old, his father, Nathan, was laid to rest in the congregation’s cemetery. In a secret ritual, the grief-stricken boy folded a message into one of his father’s bowties and buried it in the garden.

All his work, Cohen would later say, grew out of that act.

“Story of Isaac,” on Cohen’s second album, “Songs from a Room” (1969), is based on the AkeidahAkeidahעֲקֵדָה"Binding." The story in Genesis of the near-sacrifice of Isaac, Abraham’s son, which is read on Rosh HaShanah. , the biblical story read in synagogues on Rosh HaShanah, the Jewish New Year.

In Genesis 22:1, when God puts Abraham to the test by calling on him to sacrifice his son Isaac, Abraham answers “Hineni” (Here I am).

In Cohen’s “Story of Isaac,” he images the encounter from the son’s point of view:

“The door it opened slowly. My father he came in. I was 9-years-old. And he stood tall above me.”

Cohen’s song, “Who By Fire,” on his 1974 album, “New Skin for the Old Ceremony,” was inspired by the Un’taneh Tokef prayer recited in synagogues during the Days of Awe. It opens with the words: “On Rosh HaShanah it is written, and on Yom Kippur it is sealed. How many will pass and how many will be created.”

Cohen’s adaptation adds the question: “And who shall I say is calling?” to the traditional liturgy:

And who by fire, who by water
Who in the sunshine, who in the nighttime
Who by high ordeal, who by common trial
Who in your merry, merry month of May
Who by very slow decay
And who shall I say is calling?

And who in her lonely slip, who by barbiturate
Who in these realms of love, who by something blunt
Who by avalanche, who by powder
Who for his greed, who for his hunger
And who shall I say is calling?

As detailed in an exhibition about the singer/songwriter, “Leonard Cohen: A Crack in Everything,” which currently is touring in Copenhagen, Denmark, and San Francisco, Cohen offers a clue to who is calling in a dedication he gives audiences to his most famous song, “Hallelujah”:

“I know there is an eye that watches all of us. There is a judgment that weighs everything we do. And before this great force, which is greater than any government, I stand in awe and I kneel in respect…” 

Cohen composed “Who By Fire” after entertaining Israeli combat troops in the Sinai during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. “I am joining my brothers fighting in the desert,” he said. “I don’t care if their war is just or not. I know only that war is cruel, that it leaves bones, blood and ugly stains on the holy soil.”

Cohen’s final album, “You Want It Darker,” features the choir of his childhood synagogue, Shaar Hashomayim, and was released on October 21, 2016, ten days after Yom Kippur. “Hineni, hineni / I’m ready, my lord,” the refrain of the title track anticipates the ailing artist’s day of judgment. Once again alluding to the Akeidah, Cohen questions God, even as he accepts his fate.

If you are the dealer, I'm out of the game
If you are the healer, it means I'm broken and lame
If thine is the glory, then mine must be the shame
You want it darker
We kill the flame

Magnified, sanctified, be thy holy name
Vilified, crucified, in the human frame
A million candles burning for the help that never came
You want it darker

Hineni, hineni
I'm ready, my lord…

Leonard Cohen died on November 7, 2016. He was buried in a simple pine casket near his father in the family plot of the Shaar Hashomayim cemetery.

Photo: The Jewish Museum/Courtesy of Old Ideas, LLC

Related Posts