Gun violence in America has become consistent, reliable news. Breaking news alerts draw our attention to shootings at schools, movie theaters, night clubs, and in the middle of our streets. We follow social media, watching and waiting for the number of dead and injured to stop climbing.
Literally, “separation." The Saturday night home ritual that separates the Sabbath from the beginning of the new week. The ritual uses wine, spices, and candles to transition from Sabbath to the weekdays.
"Sanctification;" blessing recited or chanted over wine (or grape juice), emphasizing the holiness of Shabbat and festivals.
Seven- or nine-branched candelabra; commonly refers to the nine-branched Hanukkah lamp; plural: menorot.
Torah portion. The five books of the Torah are divided into 54 parashiyot or portions.
"15th of Shevat;" New Year of the Trees; Jewish Arbor Day, which is a minor festival.
Container for collecting money for charitable purposes. It is customary to place money in a tzedakah box prior to candlelighting in the home.
Israeli Independence Day, which commemorates the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948.
Israeli Memorial Day on which citizens remember the soldiers who lost their lives fighting the War of Independence and other subsequent battles.
"Going up." The honor of being called to recite the blessings before and after the Torah reading. Also refers to immigration to Israel, to "make aliyah" to Israel; plural: aliyot. Lit. "Ascent."